Why wouldn't cannabis be able to help people with disabilities? They have an endocannabinoid system just like every other human on earth, and medical marijuana certainly helped many children with intractable epilepsy, like Charlotte Figi, when not much else could.

Researchers are now looking into how this all-natural therapy could improve the quality of life for people with all kinds of disabilities including autism, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, and more. Here's what they're finding.

CANNABIS FOR DOWN SYNDROME

Down syndrome affects 1 out of every 700 to 1,000 people. That doesn't sound like a lot, but almost everyone knows someone who has it. Intellectual disabilities, including memory impairment and learning deficits, are the most troublesome symptoms of Down. Can cannabis help? Scientists think so.

The theory is that people with Down syndrome not only have too many CB1 receptors in the hippocampus, but that they are also overactive. This in turn damages the connecting neurons, and that leads to cognitive impairment. To prove their theory, scientists tested the memory of mice with the mouse version of Down syndrome before and after down-regulating their CB1 activity. Their memory showed marked improvements after treatment.

Post-mortem studies show that brains donated by those who suffered from Down syndrome have the same plaques associated with Alzheimer's. Those plaques are thought to be related to excess CB2 receptors and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH).

Because high levels of FAAH suggest a chronically starved endocannabinoid system, supplementation with low doses of cannabis may be able to keep the CB1 and CB2 receptors busy, protect neurons, break down plaques in the brain, and reduce excess FAAH levels. More research, especially in human subjects, is needed.

CANNABIS FOR DOWN SYNDROME

CANNABIS FOR AUTISM

Autism is even more prevalent than Down syndrome, affecting about 1 in 100 children. Although most people with autism are very intelligent, they are held back by their inability to connect with other people or understand social norms. As a result, both children and adults with autism can experience levels of hostility or anxiety that are not only hard to live with, but drive other people away, feeding an endless circle of social isolation.

To complicate matters, autism is a spectrum disorder. That means that symptoms and treatments vary widely, and what works for one person won't necessarily work for another. However, some experts now think that autism might be caused by a genetic mutation that causes chronically low levels of natural endocannabinoids in the human brain. It also disrupts the normal way the brain interacts with those chemicals.

Because the THC and CBD found in cannabis share a similar structure with the cannabinoids the body creates naturally, supplementation could help. In fact, the Autism Research Institute has already given small, safe doses of cannabis to people with autism in a controlled setting. In many, but not all, study participants, a significant decrease in anxiety, hostility, and self-destructive behaviour was observed.

According to at least one anecdote, the improvement is not because these patients simply got high and mellowed out. In 2008, the father of an autistic child in California went public with his story about how he successfully treated his son's rage and mood swings with raw cannabis after countless pharmaceuticals couldn't help.

He gave his son concentrated THCA from juiced, non-decarbed marijuana twice a day. This form of THC will not get you high. The results were overwhelmingly positive. Not only was the boy calmer and happier, he sought out physical affection where before he was often aggressive and combative.

CANNABIS FOR MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY

Made famous by late comedian and actor Jerry Lewis, muscular dystrophy affects about 1 in every 5,000 people. It primarily affects boys as young as two years old, but adults can get it too. It involves a progressive weakening in the muscles that's accompanied by severe pain and involuntary muscle spasms. Like autism, this disorder varies from one patient to the next, and is thought to be caused by a genetic defect.

There is no cure for muscular dystrophy; until one is found, the goal of all treatment options is to reduce symptoms and control the progression of the disease where possible. Cannabis helps by activating the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the human endocannabinoid system. This time, the action reduces pain, including neuropathic pain, and relieves muscle spasms.

CANNABIS FOR CEREBRAL PALSY

Cerebral palsy is a group of neurological disorders that affect the patient's muscle tone, coordination, and ability to move. Symptoms vary, but this is a debilitating disease that usually progresses to the point where people who suffer from it lose their ability walk or care for themselves. Patients also experience seizures and chronic pain. About 3 in every 1,000 children have cerebral palsy.

Cannabis has been found to help patients with cerebral palsy in several ways. It reduces seizures, muscle spasms, and pain, but it also has one more important benefit to these patients. Many people with cerebral palsy lose their ability to speak clearly as their disease progresses. They often stutter or have other speech impediments that make it difficult for them to communicate verbally with others.

So far, no official research studies on cannabis and speech problems have been conducted, but there are several anecdotal accounts, including Jacqueline Patterson's story as told in her documentary called In Pot We Trust, that demonstrate how much cannabis can help.

CANNABIS FOR CEREBRAL PALSY

CANNABIS FOR ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

Alzheimer's is a scary disease. You never know who it will strike, or even when. Slowly, your brain deteriorates until you're no longer the person you once were. It's hard to say who it hurts more—the person who develops it, or the people who have to watch it steal their loved one away. Alzheimer's is not curable, and it's the biggest reason people become disabled when they get old. Worldwide, nearly 44 million people have this disease, and it's estimated that three times more than that are undiagnosed.

Research is still underway, but cannabis may be able to help prevent Alzheimer's disease in addition to treating symptoms. The buildup of amyloid plaques in the brain and the associated inflammation are thought to be the biggest contributing factors for developing this brain disease.

THC blocks the formation of these plaques and reduces the inflammation surrounding the ones that are present. In the meantime, CBD prevents cell death that can lead to additional neurotoxicity. Cannabis can also stimulate neurogenesis, the spontaneous growth of new neurons in the hippocampus. To top it off, herb soothes troublesome secondary symptoms like agitation, appetite loss, and motor function to improve the overall quality of life for Alzheimer's patients.

SUMMARY

Cannabis clearly offers real medical benefits that can no longer be disputed. However, more research is needed, and it may not work for every patient or every condition. Now that restrictions on research are being lifted, we should see this area of medicine advance at a rapid pace. Hopefully, this will lead to more effective treatments that eliminate symptoms without troublesome side effects—if an outright cure for every condition can't be found.

If you or a loved one live with a disability and would like to see if cannabis can help, only do so if you're in an area where it's legal. If possible, seek advice from a medical doctor who has experience treating your specific condition with cannabis.

Always start off with the smallest dose possible until you know how cannabis affects you if you're experimenting without professional oversight. CBD is usually tolerated better than THC by new users, but many medical marijuana advocates believe that whole-plant products deliver the strongest medical benefits.

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