The cannabis plant is loaded with extremely interesting chemical constituents. The most popular among these by far are the cannabinoids. The plant itself has become famous and a major topic of debate due to the psychoactive effects instigated by the cannabinoid THC.

CBD has also recently come into notoriety due to research regarding its widespread therapeutic applications. However, cannabinoids aren’t the only compounds within the cannabis plant worth paying attention to.

Terpenes appear all throughout nature within different plant species. These molecules are produced by trichomes, the mushroom-shaped glands found on the surface of cannabis leaves and flowers. Trichomes are also responsible for producing cannabinoids and other compounds.

Terpenes are essentially fragrant oils that give strains of cannabis different tastes and smells. For example, when you shove your nose into a bag loaded with potent buds and catch a scent of fruit, cheese, lavender, or diesel, terpenes are to thank for the sensual pleasure.

However, these gnarly little compounds play a much more fundamental role when it comes to getting baked. They may actually contribute to the type of high that a strain offers through synergistic effects.

Numerous terpenes found within the cannabis plant have been shown to offer profound medicinal properties. For example, the terpene beta-caryophyllene (BCP) shows promise for potentially helping treat anxiety and depression.

Beta Caryophyllene Terpene Present In Black Pepper And Cannabis

INTRODUCING BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE

BCP is found in numerous plants throughout nature, including hops, black pepper, rosemary, and of course, cannabis. So what is so special about this particular terpene? Well, it turns out that BCP isn’t just any old terpene, it has also been found to play the role of a cannabinoid, too.

In playing this role, BCP is capable of interacting with some of the receptor sites that comprise the endocannabinoid system.

The main cannabinoid pathways within the endocannabinoid system are the CB1 and CB2 receptors. Cannabinoids such as THC activate both of these receptor sites, and the outcome is a psychoactive high.

BCP, on the other hand, only targets the CB2 receptor. This means that BCP does not produce a psychoactive effect. This is a crucial factor considering that the psychoactive nature of some cannabis medicines is a major reason they are restricted.

THC is illegal in many regions of the world, and individuals who use cannabis as a medicine are increasingly demanding CBD-rich medicine that is not psychoactive.

What’s more, years and large amounts of money have been poured into the world of synthetic cannabis, in hopes of achieving similar therapeutic results without causing a high. Cannabinoids that target the CB2 receptor can potentially help treat disorders such as arthritis and multiple sclerosis, without the inconvenience of psychoactive effects. While it may seem strange to consider THC an inconvenience, some patients need to remain fully functional after medicating.

Beta Caryophyllene Cannabis Plant

A FUTURE MEDICINE?

Although research is currently in the early stages, BCP is displaying some promising results when it comes to its potential application as a medicinal molecule.

A 2014 paper published within the journal Neuropsychopharmacology examined the painkilling effects of BCP in mice. The authors of the paper mention the compound’s ability to target the CB2 receptor, and discuss that numerous studies display that the CB2 receptor is critically involved in the modulation of inflammatory and neuropathic pain responses.

The study showed that orally-administered BCP reduced inflammatory pain responses and also reduced spinal neuroinflammation. The authors concluded that BCP may be significantly effective in the treatment of long-lasting and debilitating pain states.

A-Pinene

 

Anti-Inflamatory
Bronchodilator
Aids Memory
Anti-Bacterial
Also found in pine needles

A-Pinene

Linalool

 

Anesthetic
Anti-Convulsant
Analgesic
Anti-Anxiety
Also found in lavander

Linalool

Beta-Caryophillene

 

Anti-Inflamatory
Analgesic
Protects Cells Lining The Digestive Tract
Also found in black pepper

Beta-Caryophyllene

Myrcene

 

Contributes To Sedative Effect Of Strong Indicas
Sleep Aid
Muscle Relaxant
Also found in hops

Myrcene

Limonene

 

Treats Acid Reflux
Anti-Anxiety
Antidepressant
Also found in citrus

Limonene
 

ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION

Another paper documents a study conducted on mice that shows the potential of BCP as a treatment for anxiety and depression. The paper, published within the journal Physiology and Behaviour, discusses the role of CB2 receptors in anxiety and depression disorders.

BCP is proposed as a novel compound that has beneficial pharmacological effects over existing benzodiazepines and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

The aim of the study was to test the effects of BCP on mouse subjects related to conditions of stress and anxiety. The authors propose that this study, for the first time, demonstrates that BCP is indeed effective at producing anxiolytic and antidepressive effects.

The results also show that the CB2 receptor is involved in the regulation of emotional behaviour and could be a potential therapeutic target when it comes to anxiety and depression.

CANNABIS STRAINS HIGH IN CARYOPHYLLENE

ROYAL COOKIES

Royal Cookies is derived from Californian genetics, specifically Forum Cookies S1. This strain is the result of a rigorous breeding programme with two main goals: taste and strength. Her finely balanced flavours of earth and sweetness are the result of a contrasting yet complementary terpene profile. High levels of caryophyllene are responsible for the grounding hints of earth and wood that closely resemble basil and hops. When it comes to strength, Royal Cookies struts her 23% THC content with a strong indica blow to the body.

Royal Cookies is at home indoors or in a warm outdoor climate. Indoor plants can be expected to yield between 450–525g/m² after approximately 8 weeks of bloom. Plants grown outdoors will produce a good yield of up to 500g/plant by the middle of October.

Royal Cookies

Royal Cookies

Royal Cookies

Genetic background Cookies Forum x Cookies Forum
Yield indoor 450 - 525 gr/m2
Height indoor 80 - 110 cm
Flowering time 8 - 9 weeks
THC strength THC: 23% (aprox.) / CBD: Low
Blend 20% Sativa, 80% Indica, 0% Ruderalis
Yield outdoor 650 - 700 g/per plant (dried)
Height outdoor 175 - 210 cm
Harvest time Middle of October
Effect Relaxed and Euphoric
 

Buy Royal Cookies

 

OG KUSH

OG Kush is one of the titans of the cannabis world, known around the globe for her intense aroma, striking taste, and therapeutic indica high. The sensory experience of blazing this strain is one of piney, fruity, and citrus distinction. This combination is partly attributable to the presence of caryophyllene. OG Kush first came into existence in Northern California, and didn’t become world-renowned for no reason. She stems from a stellar combination of Chemdawg, Lemon Thai, and Pakistani Kush.

This physically stoning specimen can be grown well in mild climates and offers significantly better yields when manipulated using low stress training and topping. Indoors, OG Kush will reward growers with a maximum yield of 475g/m² after around 8 weeks of flowering. Outdoor plants yield between 500–550g/plant and are ready in October.

OG Kush

OG Kush

OG Kush

Genetic background Chemdawg x Lemon Thai x Pakistani Kush
Yield indoor 425 - 475 gr/m2
Height indoor 90 - 160 cm
Flowering time 7 - 9 weeks
THC strength THC: 19% (aprox.) / CBD: Medium
Blend 25% Sativa, 75% Indica, 0% Ruderalis
Yield outdoor 500 - 550 g/per plant (dried)
Height outdoor 180 - 220 cm
Harvest time October
Effect Relaxing and full of flavour
 

Buy OG Kush

WHITE WIDOW

White Widow is another cannabis superstar, this time bred in Amsterdam. She frequently provides potent, mind-altering experiences within the city’s best coffeeshops. This tall hybrid occupies the middle-ground between indica and sativa genetics, and was brought into existence via the crossbreeding of a Brazilian sativa landrace and a South Indian indica. Her aromatic buds receive their scent from dominant terpenes caryophyllene and myrcene, along with a touch of limonene and humulene.

White Widow is regarded as an easy strain to grow, which is one reason why her genetics have stood the test of time. Her dense and frosty flowers are produced at a volume of 450–500g/m² indoors after 8–9 weeks of bloom. Outdoor plants will produce up to 600g/plant during late October.

White Widow

White Widow

White Widow Royal Queen Seeds

Genetic background White Widow S1
Yield indoor 500 - 550 g/m2
Height indoor 60 - 100 cm
Flowering time 8 - 9 weeks
THC strength THC: 19% (aprox.) / CBD: Medium
Blend 50% Sativa, 50% Indica
Yield outdoor 500 - 550 g/per plant (dried)
Height outdoor 150 - 190 cm
Harvest time Late October
Effect Extremely stoned
 

Buy White Widow

Are you aged 18 or over?

The content on RoyalQueenSeeds.com is only suitable for adults and is reserved for those of legal age.

Ensure you are aware of the laws of your country.

By clicking ENTER, you confirm
you are
18 years or older