CBG: Questions & Answers

⚖️ Is CBG Legal?
Cannabigerol is not scheduled by the UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances. As a result, CBG and its derivatives, such as oils, tinctures, and crystals, are completely legal to buy and consume in most countries.
🖥️ Can I Buy CBG Online?
Yes, CBG can be purchased online, although the cannabinoid is new on the market. The most effective CBG products are full-spectrum extracts containing a complete range of cannabinoids and terpenes. CBD products made with full-spectrum hemp extracts might contain small amounts of CBG as well.
🤯 Does CBG Get You High?
No, CBG does not make you high. Conversely, the cannabinoid is thought to balance the possible side effects of THC, such as paranoia. To be safe, you should always purchase CBG (or CBD) products from a provider that guarantees THC levels below the legal limit.
🧪 Does CBG Show Up on a Drug Test?
To date, no drug tests identify levels of CBD or CBG in the body. However, THC screenings might test positive for cannabinoids in general. In rare cases, these unreliable test results might lead to further complications.

Cannabis is gradually being accepted in parts of the western world after a period of vilification and prohibition. With this acceptance comes an opening to allow scientists to research the cannabis plant and gain a deeper understanding of the compounds produced within it. One chemical, a cannabinoid called, is an example of an untapped potential waiting to be unleashed when research in the area of medicine and breeding really takes off.

So far, several cannabinoids such as THC and CBD have been discovered and rather well researched. These two now well-known cannabinoids have been shown to have profound medicinal effects. Due to their value, breeders have put in the work to produce strains that are particularly high in either cannabinoid in order to provide medicine or recreational buds that appeal to customers who can benefit off of them. Now that research is allowing for a greater understanding of CBG, breeders are starting to take note and work towards similar scenarios with CBG heavy cannabis strains.

The mother of all cannabinoids

Although CBG is classed as a minor cannabinoid, it in fact plays a rather major role within the cannabis plant. CBG exists in the form of cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) in cannabis plants and serves as the foundational precursor to the three main branches of cannabinoids, which are tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA). This transformation takes place due to specific enzymes known as synthases that direct CBGA towards a specific outcome.

When heat is applied to CBGA, THCA, CBDA and CBCA through the mechanism of smoking or cooking, a process called decarboxylation occurs that causes their chemical structures to lose a carbon group. These cannabinoids are then changed in the neutral forms of CBG, THC, CBD and CBC and become active.

When smoking a strain high in CBGA, the conversion of it into CBG would allow the user to obtain a dose of the cannabinoid. However, because CBGA is the mother of all cannabinoids, it is often converted into another form by the synthases within plants before ingestion of the buds takes place. Thanks to an increasing understanding of cannabis science, and the genes that can cause the creation of above average amounts of CBGA, breeders have the tools to start enhancing their strains with this cannabinoid.

Differences Between CBD and CBG

As mentioned above, CBG (technically CBGA) is a precursor to CBD and other cannabinoids, being most abundant in the early flowering stage. However, CBG is distinct from CBD in both chemical structure and concentration. CBG activates CB1 and CB2 receptors, while CBD mostly promotes the release of beneficial enzymes and endocannabinoids. Cannabigerol can increase levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide as well, and it synergies with CBD according to the entourage effect theory.

You can consume CBG oil in the same way as traditional cannabinoid oils, slowly experimenting with dose, frequency, and method of consumption to achieve the desired benefits. Just remember that CBG oils usually contain a full spectrum of compounds, including CBD. As such, CBG products may interact with enzymes in the liver, potentially disrupting the metabolism of other medications. If you are taking prescription medications, you should inform a healthcare professional before taking CBG oil.

BIOSYNTHESIS CREATES THE ACID FORMS OF THE PRIMARY CANNABINOIDS

CBG has medicinal potential

CBG appears to have the potential to join the ranks of well-known cannabinoids when it comes to medicinal application. Research is proving CBG to have a role to play in numerous diseases and disorders.

CBG has been found to activate the CB1 receptors of the endocannabinoid system and therefore impacts the central nervous system. This effect may help to reduce some of the less desirable consequences associated with smoking too THC-rich cannabis, such as paranoia. CBG has also been identified to influence the CB2 receptor; however, its mechanism of action here is not yet well understood.

Researcher Ethan B Russo published a paper[1] in the British Journal of Pharmacology that takes an in-depth look at the effects of phytocannabinoids and terpenoids, their medicinal qualities and how they may work together to generate more powerful effects.

Russo states that CBG has antifungal properties, pain killing properties and has been shown to exhibit antidepressant qualities also. CBG may also have a role to play in psoriasis and MRSA. CBG may also be able to tackle anxiety and muscular tension due to its ability at inhibiting the uptake of a brain chemical called GABA.

Russo points out that CBG may work in synergy with other components of the cannabis plant such as the terpenoids phytol, linalool, caryophyllene oxide and limonene.

Research[2] published in Neurotherapeutics: the journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics tested the neuroprotective properties of CBG against Huntington’s disease in mice. Huntington’s disease is a brain disorder that causes uncontrolled movements, emotional problems and loss of cognition over time. The researchers observed promising results and concluded that the work opens up research avenues to explore the effects of CBG either alone or in combination with other phytocannabinoids or therapies when it comes to the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.

A 2009 study[3] demonstrated that CBG can decrease intraocular pressure and may, therefore, have a use in glaucoma.

CBG has also been found to have neurogenic properties, making it a very rare chemical that may stimulate the growth of new brain cells.

The future of CBG

As the research of this interesting phytocannabinoid continues to blossom and breeders continue to create strains with larger quantities of the molecule, CBG will, without a doubt, be awarded its rightful place among the pantheon of healing cannabinoids. As cannabis medicine evolves over time, it will be interesting the see CBG play a role as an individual cannabinoid, as well as in synergy with other components of the cannabis plants that are showing vast potentials such as cannabinoids and terpenoids.

CBG: An Expensive Cannabinoid

Extracting and isolating CBG from hemp and cannabis plants is an expensive process. This particular cannabinoid is found only in trace amounts, and it’s never been the focus of cannabis breeders over the years. Instead, THC and, more recently, CBD have been the two cannabinoids in the limelight.

The majority of cannabis strains contain less than 2% CBG, which means it takes a lot of mature flowers to isolate only a small amount of CBG. Otherwise, a producer could give up an entire THC/CBD crop, harvesting early to harness more CBG before its natural conversion into other compounds. In addition to its scarcity, CBG requires expensive equipment to extract, while breeding new CBG-dominant strains can take years, further increasing costs.

External Resources:
  1. Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com
  2. Neuroprotective properties of cannabigerol in Huntington's disease: studies in R6/2 mice and 3-nitropropionate-lesioned mice. - PubMed - NCBI https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  3. A Comparison of the Ocular and Central Effects of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabigerol http://online.liebertpub.com
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This content is for educational purposes only. The information provided is derived from research gathered from external sources.

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