The quality of a cannabis crop is partially determined before the first seed is ever planted. Seed selection is a massive part of the process and will heavily influence the final outcome of your buds. Every grower will have their own preference when it comes to strains. Some prefer a powerful, cerebral sativa high that leaves them feeling energised and motivated. Others opt for stoney indica highs that result in calm and restful states. Other growers seek medicinal strains, and will likely prefer genetics that offer higher concentrations of CBD.

Genetic considerations should also be made depending on the type of environment that a grower has access to. For example, if growing in a small indoor space, then autoflowering strains might be the best option. However, if growing in a large outdoor space, then perhaps you would prefer genetics that result in huge, towering bushes.

Royal Queen Seeds Germination


Another factor to consider before beginning the grow is whether to use clones or seeds. Starting a grow using clones may have some advantages, but it is indeed risky business. Clones produce plants that are an exact genetic copy of the original “mother” plant from which they were taken. The genetic traits that carry over can include certain weaknesses and diseases that the original plant experienced. Therefore, if you receive a clone from a plant with an unknown history, you run the risk of starting the grow in a negative position.

Additionally, clones that are ordered online and come in the mail will more than likely arrive at their location in a state of shock, meaning they will need time to adjust, which ultimately adds even more time to an already lengthy growing process.


It’s very important to selected feminized seeds before embarking on a growing operation with the aim of producing massive, top-quality yields. Doing so will ensure you avoid catastrophes that can greatly slow down the process and even reduce the yield of an entire crop.

Feminized seeds are bred to harbour no male chromosomes, meaning that every plant grown from them will be a female plant that offers smokeable flowers. Since only female cannabis plants produce medical and recreational marijuana, they are favoured by most cultivators over their male counterparts.

Therefore, choosing to start a grow with feminized seeds allows growers to avoid the time-consuming process of identifying any male plants early in the flowering phase and removing them from the grow space.

Not only will using feminized seeds save time, they will also help you avoid potentially disastrous errors. If any males within the grow space are missed, they will start to release pollen and subsequently pollinate the surrounding females. Once a female has been pollinated, her efforts to grow large buds coated in sticky resin will cease, instead diverting her energy into creating seeds instead. This is the last thing you want if you’re hoping for a potent harvest of cannabis flowers.

Cannabis Cultivation Soil


In order to maintain a healthy body that functions properly, we need to meet certain nutritional and caloric demands. The same can be said for our cannabis plants. To remain robust and vibrant, plants need to be exposed to the correct amount and type of nutrients, which they uptake from the soil through their root system.

If you pot your plants using a basic, poor-quality soil, then it's highly likely they will start to become deficient in certain minerals and elements further down the line. These deficiencies might slow growth and even reduce the quality of your flowers. To ensure that your crop is receiving the full spectrum of nutrients that it needs for optimal growth, use quality organic soil that is full of nutrients and requires few amendments until near the end of the grow cycle.


Using a quality soil should enable you to avoid adding certain supplements to it that could end up doing more harm than good. If your soil is depleted, your plants will start to suffer the consequences. This is where some growers opt for synthetic products to attempt to restore the health of their plants.

However, the incorrect use of these products can result in undesirable outcomes such as root burn and the damaging and weakening of leaves. These scenarios can result in nutrient lockout and may obstruct adequate photosynthesis.


Remember that lesson about photosynthesis in biology class? Well, it’s finally time to apply those teachings to a real-life situation. Plants need light in order to create energy - energy that allows them to survive, thrive, and produce the frostiest and dankest buds imaginable.

When light hits the surface of leaves, the green pigment chlorophyll plays a role in converting this energy into sugars. These sugars are the food of plants, and the more they create and consume, the larger and more vibrant they become. So, it’s easy to see why plants should be given as much light as possible during the grow cycle.

What’s important to realise is that not all light sources are equal. If you believe you can get by using a standard desk lamp, your plants will soon wilt and weaken. When growing indoors, powerful and mighty grow lights like HPS and LEDs are required to provide your crop with enough light to grow fast and strong. Strong, bright lights will do wonders for your plants and will result in improved potency and much larger yields.

Cannabis Indoor Cultivation


Airflow plays an important role when it comes to the overall quality of a crop. Not only does it help to maintain proper air quality, it also reduces the chance of mould, which prefers stagnant and damp environments with little airflow. Fans can be utilised to maintain a constant circulation of air. Exhaust systems, in conjunction with fans that pull the air out of a space, can be employed to ventilate the grow space.


Cannabis plants provide better results when their temperature needs are met. During the flowering phase of the grow cycle, a daytime temperature of between 18-26°C is ideal. When it comes to night temperatures, plants seem to thrive at a range of between 20-24°C.

Temperatures that are too low can have detrimental effects on plant health that could end up causing fatalities.

Wall thermometers can be used to monitor temperature, and devices such as heaters and air conditioners can be used to manipulate the temperature within indoor growing environments.


Humidity is an important aspect of growing cannabis, and one that is often overlooked. Humidity simply refers to the amount of water vapour present within the air. Humidity can be manipulated in the grow space using humidifiers and dehumidifiers. Humidity can be measured using a hygrometer.

During the vegetative stage, plants prefer a humid environment and thrive in high humidity. Plants prefer less humidity during the flowering phase of the grow cycle, with optimal levels being around 40%. Less humidity during flowering lowers the chances of mould formation.

Cannabis Plant Ready To Harvest


Drying and curing your harvest correctly is just as important, if not more important, than any other stage during the grow cycle. Making mistakes during this point could even cost you your entire harvest. Mould thrives in dark and moist conditions, so to decrease the chances of its formation, it is paramount to dry and cure your buds to remove any remaining moisture.

Drying can be achieved by evenly spreading buds across wire drying racks in an environment with good air flow.

Once dry, it’s time to begin curing. Place buds within wide-mouthed mason jars. Visit the jars once a day to check on the process. Open the lids to allow for air exchange to occur. Remove any buds that exhibit signs of mould. The longer you cure your buds for, the more pleasant of a smoke they will offer.


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