Hemp History: All You Need To Know About The Legacy Of Hemp

Hemp History: All You Need To Know About The Legacy Of Hemp

Hemp has attracted a lot of attention over the last few years, mainly because of the rising popularity of CBD supplements. But hemp is really nothing new. In fact, it is believed to be one of the earliest plants cultivated by humankind.

Interestingly, however, the history of hemp as one of our most important cultivars often gets left out of history books and classrooms. In this article, we’ll explore the rich history of hemp and its transition from a plant used mainly for food and fibre to a huge trend in health and medicine.

CHINA: WHERE HEMP FIRST LAID ITS ROOTS

The earliest mentions of hemp as a cultivar come from ancient China. Xia Xiao Zheng, for example, is an ancient Chinese text and one of the oldest agricultural treatises in the world. It lists hemp as one of the main crops in ancient China. Archeological evidence from sites all around the country also shows that the Chinese heavily relied on cannabis as a crop.

Historians believe that the Chinese first grew hemp as a food crop, thanks to its highly nutritious seeds. As their agricultural processes improved, the Chinese learned that they could use hemp stalks to make fibre for paper, rope, clothing, and more. The first hemp-derived ropes and paper are believed to have emerged in China around 2,800 BCE. Hemp cultivation is believed to have started much earlier, as far back as 8,000 BCE.

HEMP: FROM BASIC CROP TO POWERFUL COMMODITY

From 800 to 200 BCE, hemp and hemp-derived products were at the centre of a healthy trade market across Asia that reached as far as Northern Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean. By 200 BCE, cannabis and hemp had made their way to ancient Greece and even the Roman Empire. By the year 500 AD, hemp had spread all across mainland Europe and Asia, where it was being used for rope, textiles, medicines, and much more.

HEMP IN THE EARLY MODERN ERA

Hemp played a major role in the discovery and colonisation of the New World, namely as material used for ropes, sails, and rigs on the ships that first brought men and women to places like the Americas, Australia, and more. Hemp also played a big part in building the empires that ruled during these times.

In 1553, for example, English King Henry VIII mandated English farmers to plant hemp for the growth of the empire, fining them for failure to comply. By 1616, hemp was growing in Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. Here, hemp was being used as fuel for lamps, to make clothing, as well as for ropes and rigging for ships. By 1619, the Virginia Assembly mandated farmers in the colonies to grow hemp, a mandate that is today believed to be the first cannabis law in the New World.

Throughout the rest of the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, hemp continued to sustain a crucial role in the US. From being used to make Old Glories to being the backdrop for early documents, hemp has long been at the heart of US development. By the 1850s, the US census recognised roughly 8,400 hemp plantations around the country.

HEMP: FROM BASIC CROP TO POWERFUL COMMODITY

But the Americans weren’t alone in growing hemp during the modern era. Around this time, European nations like France, Spain, and Switzerland were also growing hemp, and recognised its potential as an industrial tool, medicine, and more.

HEMP IN THE 20TH & 21ST CENTURIES

The 20th century was an interesting time for hemp as a lot of countries around the world began to restrict or criminalise cannabis and other drugs. At the same time, some countries (such as the US) resurged their national hemp industries to meet the demands of war. However, the international war on drugs built up a strong stigma around cannabis that also extended to hemp, and eventually brought some countries’ hemp industries to a standstill. The US hemp industry—which once flourished—produced its last harvest in 1957 in Wisconsin.

Some other countries followed suit. Germany, for example, banned hemp from 1982 to 1996. The UK banned hemp much earlier, from 1928 to 1993. Meanwhile, some other countries managed to keep their hemp industries alive, including Switzerland, Romania, and France, the latter two being some of the biggest producers of hemp in Europe.

THE TODAY AND TOMORROW OF HEMP

Today, hemp has once again jumped into the spotlight. After years of prohibition in many countries around the world, people are beginning to reconnect with cannabis and understand that it is much more than just a psychotropic drug.

One reason the hemp industry is booming is due to the rising star of CBD. The industry for cannabidiol is expected to be worth $16 billion by 2025 in the US alone. And countries are finally moving to meet the demands of this boom.

The 2018 US Farm Bill, for example, removed hemp from the US federal list of scheduled drugs. Thanks to the huge potential of CBD as a health and wellness product, countries like the US, Canada, and many more are finally moving to rekindle the age-old hemp industry.

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